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11 Days Geological Mineral Fossil Morocco Tour
Geological, Mineral and Fossil Tour. Welcome to our Morocco-explorer with more than twelve years of experience in leading field collecting tours.
11 Days 10 Nights Geological Mineral Fossil Morocco Tour from Marrakech
Our tours are more than a simple trip, we are engaged to make it a successful trip. Traveling is always an adventure and an opportunity to discover and live a new lifestyle ,learn new things and try amazing experiences. Travel is always discovering something interesting.
We are engaged to share humane patrimony with the world. We think that every single person on earth needs to know where we come from , how the world was millions of years ago and try to give answers to so many questions about our history and existence. The trip, which we led, is bringing attention to an often-ignored issue in the geology field. We have many partnerships with universities all over the world and museums .
Besides, our tours are highly recommended for professors interested in geology and fossil collecting amateurs , also families that wish to have a special experience in the middle of Sahara , palms and camels like old ages . But we can’t ignore either fans of stargazing and star hunters , we are the first and the unique company that presents sky lectures and time traveling to local culture astronomy .
We offer you many arrivals, and many kinds of trips, in order to serve you better. We are always in your disposition if you require any special targets.
ITINERARY OVERVIEWS :
Journey by 4×4 across the Atlas Mountains to the Sahara desert in eastern Morocco, where the rocks are full of minerals and fossils. Morocco is one of the most geo-diverse nations on earth with enormous areas of exposed rock stretching, full of fossils and minerals, which stretch from the pre-Cambrian to the Recent. The country is dominated by the Atlas Mountains which drop down to a coastal plain on the western side and the Sahara Desert on the eastern side. Due to the arid conditions, much of the surface is not vegetated making it very easy to observe the rocks and understand the geology. Travel with GeoWorld Travel on desert routes that once hosted the Paris – Dakar Rally, to see incredible wonders: including the Fezouata Ordovician Lagerstätte, trilobite quarries, dinosaur fossil beds, a mineral mine, a salt mine, towering sand dunes, and World Heritage site kasbahs.
Day 1: Marrakech Airport Arrival Morocco
Arrival in Marrakech with transfer from the airport to our hotel. This historic city is a World Heritage Site and has excellent low-cost airline links to Europe.
Day 2: Marrakech – Sidi Rahal – High Atlas – Ait ben Haddou – Ouarzazate
Crossing the Atlas Mountains, and Kasbah Ait-Ben-Haddou World Heritage Site. Today is mostly a travel day. We have to cross the Atlas Mountains to reach the fossil rich areas of the Anti-Atlas. However we have several interesting stops along our way. Our first stop near the village of Sidi Rahal is an agate mine in Triassic lava. Here we can find our own agates with a pink outer layer of opal, as well as having the opportunity of buying prize specimens from the local miners. We then continued on our way up to the Col du Tichka which is 2260m above sea level. Along the way the road passes over rocks of many different ages – Cambrian, Ordovician, Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous – which have all been folded as the Atlas thrusted up. After a pause at the summit of the Col, we deviate off the main road following layers of Triassic sediments and lava flows to reach a salt mine. We stop at the salt mine and go inside it for a good look. Our road then swings due south passing through Jurassic, Cretaceous and Eocene layers before reaching the city of Ouarzazate where we spend the night. Our accommodation here is a three-star hotel, with en-suite bathrooms.
Day 3: Ouarzazate – Agdez – Draa Valley – Beni zoli – Alnif
Precambrian Stromatolites, giant Ordovician Trilobites in the Draa Valley and the Fezouata Shale Lagerstätte. This morning we start our day by visiting a site which contains 600 million year old (Edicarian) stromatolites. We then continue to a site in the Draa Valley that is famous for its giant cold water trilobites; these were alive when Morocco was near to the South Pole. These trilobites are Ordovician (Tremadocian) in age and are in the lower part of the famous Fezouata Shale. The trilobites that were mined, and continue to be mined, from this site can be up to 20-30 cm long! Later in the trip we will have the opportunity to see some of them in the Erfoud museum. Our final stop of the day is the Lagerstätte section of the Fezouata Shale. Here, exceptional preservation has revealed soft-bodied “Burgess Shale ” type fauna such as Anomalocaridids and marrellomorphs. The Lagerstätte was discovered by Mohamed Oussaid Ben Moula (known as Ben Said) during the winter of 1999-2000, and featured on the front cover of Nature in 2010. We spent the night in the nearby town of Zagora.
Day 4: Exploring Alnif area
Saredrar Orthoceras quarry Cambrian and Ordovician trilobites in the Alnif area. Our first stop today is the Saredrar Orthoceras quarry which is not far from Tazzarine. Rocks and fossils from this quarry are fashioned into all sorts of beautiful objects such as basins, table tops, bowls and plates and can be found for sale in fossil shops around the world. Orthoceras are cephalopods with straight shells that are thought to be the ancestors of ammonites, from the Ordovician until the Triassic. The Orthoceras at Saredar are Silurian (Ludlow) in age. We then arrive in the town of Alnif which prides itself as being the ‘Trilobite Capital of the World’. Here we can browse some of the fossil shops, before heading to the north of the town to visit an area where large yellow Cambrian trilobites have been found. These trilobites are Paradoxides and Cambropellas and complete specimens of them can be seen in the Alnif shops. We then visit the well known Jebel Tiskaouine mountain from which huge numbers of ‘calymene’ trilobites have been mined and can be found in fossil shops all over the world. These trilobites are in fact not calymenes but are from genres: Neseuretus, Colpocorypte and Flexicalymens. The trilobites are found in the Ktaoua formation and are of Ordovician (Sandbian/Katian) age. The night is spent in a hotel just outside Alnif.
Day 5: Alnif – Atchana – Mharch
The Maider Basin, the ‘Lost World’ of trilobites. Our first stop of the day is known as Bou Dib and is on the north escarpment of the famous trilobite mountain Jbel Isoumour. The rocks here are calcareous marls and limestones and are Devonian (late Emsian – early Eifelian) in age. We still spend our time examining the Psychopyge horizon in the Tazoulait Formation that has been quarried for many kilometres, as well as the area below it where loose fossils can be seen lying on the surface. We then continue to the village of Fezzou where we stop for a rest at a café and have an opportunity to meet local people. After Fezzou, we move on to Atchana. Here we can spend time with fossil miners who are working the Ihandar Formation which is also Devonian but slightly younger (Pragian) in age. From this location many wonderful trilobites have been found including Dicranurus monstrosus, and Paralejurus spatuliformis. After this site we journey further south off road all the way to spend the night in a remote desert oasis called Mharch. The accommodation here is the most basic of the trip, in a hotel made of mud, but the rooms are still en-suite.
Day 6: Oasis Mharch – Merzouga
A second day in the Maider Basin, and relocating to the Erg Chebbi Dunes. Our first stop is the mud-mound of Guelb el Mharch. This is a 45m rocky peak that was once a submarine mud volcano formed by hydrothermal vents. Tabulate corals are very abundant as are trilobite and crinoid remains. Additionally, very rare placoderm fish have been found here. We then journey along the southern rim of the Maider basin visiting two different sites on Jbel El Mrakib where brachiopods, trilobites such as phacops and goniatites can be seen. The rocks are lower- to mid-Devonian in age. We then leave the Maider basin and return to the asphalt/tarmac roads. Near the city of Rissani we stop at a site of upper Devonian (Framennian) age where orthoceras and ammonoids can be seen in huge slabs of red limestone. We then head to Merzouga and the famous sand dunes of Erg Chebbi. Here we really feel that we are in the Sahara Desert – because we are! If you wish, you can even ride a camel here. The next three nights are spent in a hotel in Merzouga.
Day 7: Merzouga – Taous – Merzouga
Kem Kem Dinosaur site and Filon Mineral mine. Today we drove south through the sand dunes to the frontier town of Taouz. We then head to the famous Kem Kem site which is rich in fish, crocodiles and dinosaurs. The rocks are Cretaceous (Cenomanian) in age and were formed by rivers flowing into lakes. This site has also yielded many teeth and bones of the dinosaurs Spinosaurus and Carcharodontosaurus. We spent the whole morning at this site before moving on to a site on the other side of Taouz where Ordovician, Silurian and Devonian layers can all be seen very close to each other because they are folded. In rocks that lie on the Silurian and Devonian boundary, we can see the remains of pelagic crinoids and their floats called labolith. In this area local miners have dug several pits to collect the fossils, and we can observe wonderful specimens in the museum in Erfoud. Our next stop is the Filon 12 mine. This mine used to be a lead mine, but is now exclusively mined to collect beautiful mineral specimens which are sold to museums and mineral collectors. One of the most beautiful minerals to be mined here is vanadinite. At the mine we can take an underground tour and examine the specimens for sale which include haematite, goethite and quartz. The night is spent at the same hotel in Merzouga – an excellent place to observe the stars.
Day 8: Exploring Merzouga area
Kess Kess and Erfoud. Today we visit Hamar Laghdad also known as the Kes Kes which are Devonian cold seep mud volcano mounds on which rich coral reefs grew. We then visit a site where crinoids are mined in bell pits before reaching Erfoud quarry where orthoceras slabs with goniatites are quarried. The rocks here are mid-Devonian in age. After a picnic we head to the town of Erfoud where we visit the museum, getting to see specimens collecting in many of the sites we visited, and the Orthoceras factory. The Orthoceras factory is a marvel and we can see how the quarried Orthoceras slabs are made into many beautiful objects. The night is spent back in the hotel in Merzouga.
Day 9: Merzouga – Todra gorges – Dades gorges – Ouarzazate
Tohdra Gorge and the drive back to Ouarzazate. Today is spent driving from Merzouga back to Ouarzazate. Halfway along our route we stop at the stunning Todra Gorge. We spend about an hour walking around the gorge which cuts through Jurassic layers at the edge of the High Atlas. After lunch we resume our journey arriving in Ouarzazate at the end of the afternoon.
Day 10: Ouarzazate – High Atlas – Marrakech
The World Heritage Sites of Kasbah Ait-Ben-Hoddou and the Medina and Souk of Marrakesh. Our first stop near Ouarzazate is the World Heritage Site of Kasbah Ait-Ben-Hoddou. This kasbah (a fortified settlement) was founded in the seventeenth century and lies on the old trading route from Sudan to Marrakech. The kasbah has been used as a film set for several movies. We then re-cross the Atlas Mountains stopping for lunch in a restaurant before arriving in Marrakech, in the mid-afternoon leaving free time for shopping in the World Heritage Site souk. The night is spent at the same hotel near the airport as on day one.
Day 9: Transfer To Marrakech Airoport
After breakfast, free time to explore Marrakech before we pick you up from your hotel and drive you to the airport in Marrakech for your flight. End of 11 Days Morocco tour from Marrakech.
– Geological tour guide
– Local guide and driver
– Hotel accommodation
– Dinner and breakfast in the hotels
– Picnic lunch
– Bottled water on day excursions
– Transportation in Landcruise
– Alcohol and soft drinks
– Bottled water in hotels
– Camel ride